Both Python and Java are amongst the most popular programming languages in the world, so much that many developers swear by them. But when it comes to choosing one of them, they often get confused.
We have drawn certain comparisons between these languages so that you can decided on which one is the best for you.
Python is a dynamically-typed language and therefore the python development team does not have to determine variable types. It results in easier syntax making the code quite easy to read and friendly for beginners.
Java, on the other hand, is guided by strict syntax rules and is a statically-typed language. The developers have to explicitly declare the variable types.
As far as speed is concerned, Java is faster than Python. This is because Java is a compiled language and takes less time to execute a code.
Whereas, Python is an interpreted language used by the best python developers. Python first determines the data type at run time which makes it slower comparatively.
- Practical agility
Java has more support than Python due to its static type system and universality of IDE’s in development. Java is widely used for developing mobile and web applications.
Python always had place in the talent space and is considered to be the most favorable language for Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, IoT and a lot more by the python development team.
Java has a run-time environment to operate the code. The Java bytecode is converted into machine language which can be compiled at the time of execution.
Python converts the bytecode into machine code which is again stored in another folder that is not translated at runtime
- Learning curve
Java has a very steep learning curve due to its vast libraries, verbose syntax, and complicated installation steps. It needs a good amount of time to get a grasp on this programming language, effectively.
Python is easy to learn due to the readability and concise syntax. It comes with useful standard set of libraries to perform various tasks such as connecting to a database, network programming, etc. With dedication and efforts, you can be amongst the best python developers quickly.
Also Read: Building websites using Django
From the above comparison, it is clear that both the languages have their own pros and cons. We don’t have a clear winner here, but if you wish to choose one among them you make the decision based on which domain you wish to work in and how much time do you have.
Also Read: Python for Web Development