Django vs Ruby on Rails – Which is a better framework for web development?

web application architecture
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Django and Ruby on Rails are amongst the best web application development frameworks used by developers across the world. Both the frameworks offer quick development of web projects, boast support from a broad community of programmers and are entirely open-source.

The speed and performance difference between Django and Ruby on Rails for web development is minimal. This is because of the massively popular services built on each framework. Now, how will you make a decision between Django vs Ruby on Rails? In this article, we are going to dive into the advantages, similarities, pros and cons, and applications of Ruby on Rails and Django.

Django – Advantages, Drawbacks, and Applications 

The Django framework is widely used for web development across the world. It is one of the best development frameworks due to multiple reasons. Django was developed in 2003 to build various applications. Since then, it has gained speed, security, and scalability to a great extent. 

Several huge companies such as Pinterest Engineering, Mozilla, NASA, and others depend on Django for their web applications. Its libraries are commonly used for authentication, URL routing, template engine, object-relational mapper (ORM), and database schema migrations. 

Let us read about the advantages of using Django framework.

Benefits of using Django

  • MVP Development

We will first draw a comparison of Django and Ruby on Rails on the basis of their prototype. Django comes with a flexible as well as well-structured admin panel. This provides the programmers with the option of reusing their code from one project to another.

Along with that, the developers get many out-of-the-box libraries that allow them to build a product prototype or an MVP faster.

  • An extensive open-source ecosystem

Since Django is an open-source framework, the programmers get various modules and libraries, both free and paid, at any time. They can even take help from the Django’s official documentation to find the solutions of a problem if they are stuck.

Apart from that, various helpful online forums like Stack Overflow or the Django community of Reddit, are also available. These forums help the programmers find solutions to their Django-related matters.

  • Explicit and logical syntax of Django 

The explicit and logical syntax of Django is another factor in comparison of Django and Ruby on Rails. As we know, Django is based on Python, and Python is seen as one of the easiest programming languages to master. Django is extremely easy to build on, easy to work with, and easy to support.

Also, Django is easy to debug and read. This allows the new team members to catch up with a project in mid-stream with any trouble.

REST is the short form for Representational State Transfer. The REST framework allows developers to build APIs easily. Did you know – it can build API in just 3 lines of code? Along with that, it is flexible enough to return multiple data formats and handle different types of calls. 

The developers get various features to ease their work such as authentication modules, JSON serializers/deserializers, API routing, and documentation, etc. You might ask is Django better than Ruby on Rails in terms of performance in an API-heavy project. Well, the REST framework is one of the most important feature of Django framework.

  • The Django admin panel

The developers get an in-built admin panel with Django which makes management easier for the backend user. It is another deciding factor in the Django vs Ruby on Rails comparison.

The Django admin panel has permissions and authentication modules that gives makes it one of the best web development frameworks.

Also Read: Benefits of Django for Web Development

Drawbacks of Django

Let us find out some of the major drawbacks in the Django framework:

  • Cannot handle multiple requests 

A major reason why Django lags behind in the Django vs Ruby on Rails race is that it cannot handle multiple requests at the same time. Various other frameworks have combined these processes to cut down development time. 

  • Components are tightly coupled

Some of the best web development frameworks keep their components lose so that developers can easily move them around. However, in case of Django, the components are tightly packed that forces the programmers to install all of them at the same time, which is time-consuming and also very annoying.

  • ORM system lacks features

The ORM system of Django lets the developers to use multiple databases at the same time and carry out the common operations. But, Django’s ORM lacks certain features which are present in some of the best web development frameworks. Django is developed in such a way that prohibits the programmers from completely using SQLAlchemy, a Python’s famous toolkit.

You might now think is Django better than Ruby on Rails or not! Continue reading to find out more points on difference between Django and Ruby on Rails for web development.

Also Read: Sites built using Django

When to use the Django framework?

You can opt for the Django framework in the following cases:

  1. When your development team wants to use Python and is more suited to the Django philosophy.
  2. In case you are looking for a configuration-based approach to gain a bit of more control over your project.
  3. Or, when you don’t require the out-of-the-box functionality in your project.

Is Django better than Ruby on Rails? Well, we cannot conclude before reading about the pros, cons, and applications of Ruby on Rails. So, without any further ado, let us read about Ruby on Rails.

Ruby on rails – Benefits, Drawbacks and Applications

Ruby on Rails is also an open-source framework for web development. Therefore, the Ruby on Rails provides the developers with ready-made solutions. Some of the famous web applications that use Ruby on Rails are Twitter, GitHub, Yellow Pages, and many more. But how will we draw the comparison of Django and Ruby of Rails?

Based on the Ruby language, Ruby on Rails has got logic as well as simplicity. In simple terms, Rails is a layer on top of Ruby that allows the developers to build web applications. So, without any further ado, let us find more about Ruby on Rails and applications of Ruby on Rails.

Benefits of Ruby on Rails

To balance the comparison of Django and Ruby on Rails, let us see the advantages of Ruby on Rails framework. 

  • Promotes bug free development

The Minitest tool in Ruby on Rails is a comprehensive test suite that provides many useful testing features. Some of them are expectation syntax, test benchmarking, and mocking. It is a key difference in the Django vs Ruby on Rails comparison.

RoR also offers test driven development (TDD) and behavior-driven development (BDD) approaches. 

  • It is secure

Ruby on Rails has some secure features that makes it one of the best web development frameworks. RoR follows the Secure Development Lifecycle, which is a complex security assurance process. It is another major difference between Django and Ruby on Rails for web development.

  • Component structure based on plugins and gems

We will draw more comparisons to conclude the Django vs Ruby on Rails debate! Ruby on Rails has got component structure that allows the expert developers to quickly put together efficient applications with less coding.

All the plugins and gems are very-well documented and easy to use. More and more gems are being added to the public repositories. Many web developers have called Ruby on Rails as one of the best web development frameworks.

Shortcomings of Ruby on Rails

Is Django better than Ruby on Rails? We can conclude this after reading the shortcomings of Ruby on Rails and applications of Ruby on Rails.

  • Difficult to create an API

This is one of the most notable differences between Django and Ruby on Rails for web development. Creating an API using Ruby on Rails could be incredibly tough, especially for a beginner. RoR does not have any equivalent framework as Django has! 

  • Documentation quality and standards vary

Another major factor in the Django vs Ruby on Rails comparison is that it is tough to find good documentation. Mostly, there are ‘test suites’ that act as a major source of information for the programmers. The developers have to study the code instead of simply reading the official documentation. Can we now say – is Django better than ruby on rails?

Before concluding, let us find out some of the applications of Ruby on Rails.

When to use the Ruby on Rails framework?

No doubt, RoR is one of the best web development frameworks. To dive deeper into the comparison of Django and Ruby on Rails, let us read the use cases of Ruby on Rails:

  1.  When your development team has experienced RoR developers with the required knowledge.
  2. In case you want to develop a web application quickly using the libraries of RoR offers.
  3. Or, if you want to iterate fast to reduce the code writing time and deploy your project faster.

Now that we have drawn the difference between Django and Ruby on Rails for web development. So, is Django better than Ruby on Rails? What should a developer choose from Django vs Ruby on Rails?

How to make the right decision?

Without neglecting any difference between Django and Ruby on Rails for web development, we can clearly that Django has an upper-hand over Ruby on Rails.

However, a developer ultimately picks up language that suits his mindset and knowledge. There is no hard and fast rule to make a choice from Django vs Ruby on Rails. From all the above-mentioned points, we can say that a programmer can choose a framework that meets his and his project’s expectations.

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